The Garden Magazine 31(1): 40 (Mar 1920)
TEA ROSES WHERE THEY ARE NOT HARDY
Martha Haskell Clark
(Hanover, NH)
Where There is a Will There is Always an Effectual Way and Very
Often it is Not as Troublesome as the Older and Ineffectual Ones

WITH a show of greater assurance than I actually could muster, I announced one winter day when the thermometer was hiding somewhere underneath the zero mark that I intended making a specialty of Roses. It was in front of a blazing fire with alluring catalogues all around—you know—the sort of thing and how it makes you feel!—with every page a-bloom with a lovelier Rose than the last and with descriptions calculated to drive one quite distracted, horticulturally speaking.

"In this climate?" was the ejaculation from the other side of the fireplace—not a question even; just an admonition, I suppose you might call it. And it took. But, "I don't see why," I said obstinately just the same. "I love Roses best of all."

And when April brought the shrubs and perennials, "What are these?" in the midst of the unpacking gave me a guilty start. " Tea Roses? Bride, Safrano, Killarney!"

"One of them is a Hybrid Tea," I parried weakly.

There were a dozen—and if ever a group of Roses led pampered lives, those Teas and Hybrid Teas did. They were planted with the greatest care, received the richest soil and the sunniest location in the garden; and they grew tremendously! When fall came, they were great thrifty looking bushes loaded with buds and flowers, and the pride of my heart. I consulted books and experienced friends as to their winter protection, and in November old Mike wrapped each plant carefully in its winter jacket of straw, and hilled up the earth around its base; and we left them, dormant for the winter.

Alas! Dormant they remained forever, with the exception of the red Hybrid Tea "Gruss an Teplitz." This sent up one weak straggling shoot late in June. Yet "what shall I do with this little Tea Rose sent gratis with our perennials?" was the only thing my indulgent helpmeet said, as we unpacked the next year's garden order! "Oh, stick it in anywhere!" I answered as I felt. "I don't care." Thus I laid aside my Rose garden dreams (I thought) forever. But June brought the Sombrero Man for a visit—a person wise with the wisdom of flowers and growing things, and at the head indeed of a certain agricultural college—and to him I confided, in what seemed to me at the time a weak moment, my faded Rose hopes. Imagine my surprise when he looked interested instead of amused. "Let's see your location and soil," said he. So we strolled out and viewed the scene of the tragedy. "Fine" was his comment, and "I see no reason why you can't have your Rose garden." Wherefore I have—and here is the rest of the story, tabulated in the order of accomplishment:

THE Rose garden should have a southeast exposure, and if possible a hedge at least on the north and west as a windbreak. It should not be too large. A small garden which will contain a hundred plants is enough, and easy to care for. The soil should be a mixture of rather clayey loam well enriched. Pulverized sheep manure is an excellent fertilizer for Roses, and can be applied at intervals all through the summer.

It has made no difference whether I bought own-root Roses or those that were budded or grafted. They all seem to do equally well. If expense is to be taken into consideration, you can procure the one-year-old, own-root Roses much more cheaply than any others. In the method of growing here described they may be planted only a foot apart, which allows many more plants in a small area than are usually grown. During the summer ordinary care should be given by constant weeding and stirring of the soil, and plenty of well-decayed manure should be dug in at intervals throughout the season. All faded blooms should be removed at once.

IN the autumn after they have lost their leaves or after one or two hard frosts, cut the plants back to a uniform height of about two feet (this will not be necessary, in the case of one-year-old plants the first year) to facilitate handling them. Dig them up, shake the dirt from their roots, and bunch them tightly together, tying the stems. Twenty or more plants can be tied into a very small bunch, particularly for the first few years. The longer and more straggling roots should also be pruned at this time. Stand the bunches upright in a wooden box, and cover the roots with soil, packing it in firmly. Then water thoroughly at once and set away in a dark, cool corner of the cellar for the winter. Water them about once every three weeks, or just often enough to keep the soil from becoming dust-dry.

As soon as the ground can be easily worked in the spring, or when danger of the worst frosts is over (in my latitude not until about the middle of May) the bundles are untied, the stems further cut back one half the previous season's growth, and the Roses put back into their old positions. Let me hasten to say, if this sounds like a troublesome method, that it is less trouble to winter them in this manner, which is absolutely safe and sure. than to gamble on their living by wrapping each plant in a straw jacket and covering its roots. I used the little Tea Rose which came gratis with our perennials as a test of this method and it behaved and flourished just as our friend assured me it would. So my dreams of a Garden of Tea Roses came true—and so may yours, no matter how far down the mercury goes in your latitude. And here is my list, if any one likes to use it.

YELLOW.— (Teas) Etoile de Lyon, Safrano, Perle des Jardins, Sunset. (H.T.) Harry Kirk, Melody, Mme. Melanie Soupert, Mrs. Charles Dingee. (Climbers) Gold of Ophir, Cl. Gloire de Dijon.

SCARLET.— (Teas) Papa Gontier, J. B. Varonne, Princess Bonnie, Princess de Sagan. (H. T.) Château de Clos Vougeot, Gen. McArthur, Rhea Rheid, Gruss an Teplitz. (Bourbon) Agrippina, Queen's Scarlet. (Climbers) Caroline Goodrich, Reine Marie Henriette, Cl. Mad. Jules Grolez, Cl. Meteor.

WHITE.— (Teas) White Maman Cochet, Bride, Devoniensis, Enchantress. (H.T.) Bessie Brown, Kaiserin Augusta Victoria, Mildred Grant, Viscountess Folkestone. (Bourbon) Duchess of Thuringe. (Climbers) Cl. White Maman Cochet, Mrs. Robert Peary, Cl. Clotilde Soupert.

PINK.— (Teas) Bridesmaid, Duchess de Brabant, Catherine Mermet, Maid of Honor. (H.T.) La France, My Maryland, Killarney, Souv. de Pres. Carnot. (Bourbon) Hermosa, Souv. de la Malmaison. (Climbers) Cl. Bridesmaid, Cl. Cecile Branner, Cl. Killarney, Cl. La France.

SALMON.— (Teas) Gen. Robert E. Lee, Henry M. Stanley, Souv. de Jeanne Cabaud, Marie Ducher. (H.T.) William H. Taft, Mrs. Aaron Ward, Mme. Leon Pain, Mme. Phillipe Rivoire.