The Garden 37: 480 (May 24, 1890)
YELLOW ROSES
C. L.

AMONG the various colours now found in Roses it is questionable whether any are more popular than yellow. Those of a pinkish shade, such as La France and Queen of Queens, generally have plenty of admirers, but with the majority of Rose lovers, and ladies especially, I have always found blooms that possess a yellow tint, no matter in what form or to what extent, to be the most appreciated. To corroborate this, we need no other evidence than that of the Maréchal Niel. This is undoubtedly the finest yellow Rose, so far as shape is concerned at any rate, in existence, and wherever seen at its best it never fails to call forth admiration. Too frequently, however, the colour of this charming Rose is deficient; in other words, it is paler than it should be. At the recent Daffodil conference, held in the gardens of the Royal Horticultural Society at Chiswick, some beautifully-grown examples were exhibited, the blooms being massive in form and perfect in shape, but the colour might have been a trifle deeper. Whilst scrutinising these, I overheard a bystander ask his companion, presumably a rosarian, how the colour could be made deeper. “By shading," was the reply. Now the question is, Will shading produce a deeper yellow in Maréchal Niel Roses? It may, and it may not; but so far as my experience is concerned I must say that it will not. At one time and another I have grown and cut some thousands of blooms of Maréchal Niel Rose both indoors and out, and have invariably noticed that the best coloured samples were procured from the most exposed positions. Take well-formed blooms from a tree growing on a south wall in the open air, for instance, fully exposed to the summer's sun. Are these deficient in colour? By no means, for compared with the majority of those grown under glass, the colour is far more intense. This being the case—and I think few rosarians who have seen good outdoor blooms will say otherwise—how is it possible for shading to deepen the colour of those grown indoors?

The Tea-scented kinds are richest in the various shades of yellow. Next to the Maréchal Niel, referred to above, the well known Gloire de Dijon, may be taken as a popular type. Much has been said and written in favour of this Rose, but it is worthy of it. As everybody interested in Roses knows, it is a vigorous grower, and one of the best yellow kinds extant for general purposes. The flowers may be described as a buff-yellow, shaded with salmon and orange in some cases. Madame Falcot is a beautiful Rose with fine saffron-yellow blooms, suitable for pot culture or outdoors. The best coloured flowers of this I ever saw were cut from a tree growing on a wood fence in the south of England. They were remarkably large and of a very rich colour. Narcisse is another good variety with fine-shaped blooms of a pale yellow colour, and the same may be said of Devoniensis. The last named may not in a strict sense be entitled to a place in this list, since it is more frequently of a creamy colour, although the centre of the blooms is sometimes buff-yellow. Another variety with pale yellow flowers may be found in the Enfant de Lyon. The blooms of this are large and of good form, and it should be more frequently seen in collections. Belle Lyonnaise, although sometimes tinted with salmon, has a beautiful canary-yellow ground, and so has Canary, a variety now seldom seen. Comtesse de Brossard is a vigorous growing kind with bright yellow flowers of good form, but it is by no means so extensively grown as it should be. Another beautiful variety is Elise Sauvage, with globular pale yellow blooms, but its one drawback is its delicate constitution. For producing abundance of lemon-coloured flowers Mme. Ducher is, perhaps, as good as any variety in cultivation. The flowers are large and of good form, and the growth of the plant vigorous. Mme. Margottin is another vigorous grower, and produces flowers of a beautiful citron-yellow colour, and the same may be said in regard to Mlle. Cecile Berthod, which is a very free bloomer. Mme. Levet, although tinted, is generally accepted as a. yellow Rose, and so is Mme. Trifle. Both are strong growers, and given good positions will flower freely. According to my experience, however, Louise de Savoie is one of the best yellow Tea-scented Roses, although it is somewhat sparsely grown. The flowers are pale yellow and very sweet-scented, and the plant is, as a rule, a vigorous grower. There are many more Roses of the Tea-scented section that may be described as yellow, and worthy of a place in every garden, such, for instance, as Mme. Emilie Dupuy, of which an excellent plate was given in THE GARDEN of May 10, Monsieur Furtado, Amazone, and others. Then, again, Boule d’Or has fine golden yellow blooms, but it is unsuitable for outdoor culture, unless in exceptionally favoured spots.

A few good yellows may also be found among the Noisette Roses, one of the best of these being Celine Forestier. ' As is generally well known, this is a vigorous grower, comparatively hardy, and well adapted for walls or pillars. The flowers are large and well formed, and of a pale yellow colour with deep centre. If given a place under glass, Isabella Gray, a variety now seldom seen, will produce deep yellow flowers in abundance. It is a vigorous grower and of a climbing habit. Cloth of Gold, too, although introduced nearly fifty years ago, is another good kind seldom seen. The outer petals of the flower are cream, but the centre is a rich yellow. In growth the plant is moderate and requires but little pruning, or else a very poor crop of flowers will be the result. Réve d'Or is a vigorous grower, and produces deep yellow flowers, while for blooms of a pale yellow there is no better variety than Lamarque. This kind will grow and flower freely on a south wall. Lamarque Jaune has golden-yellow flowers, but it is not often seen. Solfaterre should be grown in every garden where a suitable position is forthcoming. It does well on a south wall, and will produce abundance of pale yellow flowers. Mme. Caroline Kuster, again, is a very free-flowering and most beautiful variety. The blooms are pale yellow with deep centres, and, being large and full, are generally seen on the exhibition table. Somewhat similar in colour, but smaller in size, is Mme. Schultz, a variety seldom described in catalogues. Jane Hardy, too, is somewhat seldom seen, although a variety of good merit, with golden-yellow flowers; and the same with Le Pactole, which has cream blooms with yellow centres.

The Austrian Briers may also be included in this selection. There are many varieties of them, but for the most part the colour of them is yellow, although in some instances a reddish hue is discernible. Harrisoni is no doubt as good a variety as any, and is worthy of more attention than hitherto has been given it. The flowers are of medium size, but double and rich golden-yellow in colour. It is a very free bloomer, but rather moderate in growth, and should therefore be carefully pruned. Williams’ Double Yellow, too, is an abundant bloomer, and the same character may be given Persian Yellow. None of the Austrian Briers require much pruning, as the bulk of the flowers are produced near to the tips of the shoots, and therefore to cut them in closely would remove all chances of a crop of bloom. They are perfectly hardy, but require to be grown in rather a dry soil.

The Banksian Roses, fully described in THE GARDEN of May 10, also produce yellow flowers, and, together with the foregoing, are worthy of universal attention.— C. L.