Flora Taurico-Caucasica, tome 1, no. 974 p. 396 (1808)
Friedrich August Marschall Von Bieberstein

974 ROSA provincialis

R. germinibus subglobosis pedunculis petiolisque hispidis, caule hispido: aculeis sparsis, subreflexis, foliolis ovatis: serraturis paginâque inferiore villoso-glandulosis.

R. germinibus subrotundis pedunculis petiolisque hispidis, aculéis ramorum sparsis subreflexis, foliolis ovatis subtus villosis, serraturis glandulosis. Linn. ed. Willd. 2. p. 1070. Willd. arb. berol. p. 314. n. 9. Duroi harb. ed. 2. p. 349. n. 8.

Occurrit in saxosis Tauriae meridionalis. [Rocky southern Taurus mountains]

Frutex vix R. spinosissimâ major, ab imo ad summum ramis brevibus floriferis, aculeis minutis rectis hispidus aliisque validis reflexis armatus. Petioli aculeati hispidi. Foliola subtrijuga cum impari magnitudine et sere formâ R. spinosissimae: serraturis glanduloso-serrulatis et paginâ inferiore tola pilis glanduliferis, sicut in R. rubiginosâ. Pedunculi breves hispidi. Germina globosa hispida. Styli breves glabriusculi. Fructus sanguinei magnitudine R. spinosissimae.


Rosa ferox, Miss Lawrance, 1799

Flora Taurico-Caucasica: Supplementum, tome 3, p. 339 (1819)
Friedrich August Marschall Von Bieberstein

974 ROSA ferox

R. germinibus subglobosis pedunculis petiolisque hispidis, caule hispido: aculeis copiusis sparsis, primariis validis curvis basi dilatato-incrassatis, foliolis subrotundo-ovatis subtus glanduloso rubignosis, grosse serratis: serraturis glanduloso-serrulatis. Marsch. cent. plant. rar. rossic. 1. t. 37. Laurent. Rosae 42. Aiton kew. ed. 2. P. 3. p. 268.

R. provincialis. Flor. taur. cauc. n. 974. (exclusis synonymis.)

R. horrida. Catal. hort. gorenk. a. 1812. p. 66. Besser catal. hort. crem. a. 1816. p. 117.

CybeRose note: Laurent. Rosae 42. is Miss Lawrance's picture of Rosa ferox. See illustration on right.


Primitiae monographiae rosarum: matériaux pour servir à l'histoire des Roses Part 1, pp. 84-86 (12 nov 1860)
François Crépin

Sect. Rubiginosae

No. 9823.— Rosa rigida

Ce numéro est représenté par une feuille simple, portant deux rameaux fructifères, aceompagnés de deux étiquettes. L'une de celles-ci est fixée sur le côté de la feuille; elle est probablement de Marschall von Bieberstein et est ainsi conçue: "Rosa ferox M. B. non a Caucaso sed ex Tauria." ... etc.

Rosa rigida Willd. ex Déségl.
Bull. Soc. Roy. Bot. Belgique xi. (1872) 84.


Transactions of the Massachusetts Horticultural Society p. 42 (1861)
The Garden Classification of the Rose
Francis Parkman

On Mount Caucasus grows a single wild rose, from the seeds of which have sprung the numerous family of the Provence or Cabbage roses, very double, very large, and very fragrant. This race is remarkable for its tendency to sport, from which have resulted some of the most singular and beautiful forms of the rose. For example, a rose-colored variety of the Provence produced a branch bearing striped flowers, and from that branch has been propagated the Striped Provence. The Crested Moss is the product of another of these freaks, being of the pure Provence race. The Common Moss, and all its progeny, owe the same origin, being derived, in all probability, from a sporting branch of one of the Provence roses. 

The Garden 20: 133 (Aug 6, 1881)

The Japanese Rose (p. 102).—It is very certain that the beautiful Rosa rugosa (Ramanas) is not the new Rose it is generally supposed to be. It was described by Thunberg nearly a hundred years ago, and afterwards by Lindley in 1820, but from Thunberg's description, and not from personal observation. There is, however, no doubt that he had seen it, and described it as Rosa ferox, both in his monograph of Roses and (with a figure) in the Bot. Reg., p. 420 (1820). As Rosa ferox it has lingered in the gardens till it was again brought into fashion with the white and double varieties a few years ago. The true Rosa ferox of Mars. Bieberstein is a totally different plant.— Henry H. Ellacombe, Bitton Vicarage.


Bieberstein's plant is no more the "true" Rosa ferox than it is the "true" Rosa provincialis. He specifically identified his plant with Miss Lawrance’s  R. ferox.