Williams's Double Yellow (Shrub) [Rosa foetida lutea x unknown] This intriguing rose was reportedly raised from a seed from R. lutea. According to Don (1835), Williams raised several seedlings, of which three were double. Another of these, the 'Superb Yellow' or 'Superb Double Yellow', was pale yellow tinged red (Prince, 1846). It is worth noting that Williams (1824) budded his yellow roses, as well as his Chinas, onto the musk rose.

The Garden 24(621): 328 (Oct 12, 1883)
Williams’ double yellow Rose—I have sometimes seen this named Persian Yellow, but both in flower and habit of growth it greatly differs from that variety. The yellow Rose to which I refer was raised by Mr. Williams, of Pitmaston, about 1826, and was said to have been raised from the single Austrian Brier. This Rose is rarely to be found in Rose lists, and there must surely be some reason for the omission, as the tree is very distinct from the Persian or Harrison’s Yellow; the flowers are larger and it continues longer in flower. I would be glad to know the cause of this old-fashioned Rose falling out of the lists of Roses worth growing.— Charles McDonald, Stokesley.

The Botanic Garden 7: no. 661 (1824)
Benjamin Maund

ROSA LUTEA.
Var. plena.
WILLIAMS'S DOUBLE YELLOW BRIAR.

Class.
ICOSANDRIA.
Order.
POLYGYNIA.
Natural Order.
ROSACEAE
Origin.
Hybrid
Height.
4 feet.
Flowers in
June.
Duration.
Perennial.
Raised
in 1826?

No. 661.

The Rose, so much prized by every nation on earth, has a name in every language less dissimilar from each other than, perhaps, any other flower. The Celtic, Greek, and Latin RHOS, RHODON, ROSA, form the base on which the name in many modern languages has risen. They all have a manifest reference to a red colour. Our very word RED is also from the same root.

The beautiful double yellow Rose, which we now have the pleasure to introduce to our readers, was raised from seed of the single yellow Austrian Rose, about the year 1826, by J. Williams, Esq. of Pitmaston, near Worcester. It flowers much more freely than the old variety, and is a most valuable addition to our gardens.

The Austrian Rose, although single, does not produce seed unless its flowers be fertilized by the pollen of some other species. Thus, it is highly desirable, every person possessing it should attend to, and endeavour to raise seedling plants, by which means many varieties of the yellow Rose may ultimately be obtained.

This Rose requires no peculiarity of culture.

Don's Syst. Bot. 2, v. 577.


The British Flower Garden (1835) t. 353
ROSA lutea; var. plena.
Williams's Double Yellow Briar.

This variety forms an erect bush of several feet in height, sending forth plenty of root-shoots. Branches brown, armed with numerous, straight, unequal, slender prickles. Leaves of rather a darker green than in var. a, and composed of 7 or 9 elliptical, rounded, doubly and sharply serrated, concave leaflets, slightly hairy and glandular beneath, glabrous above. Stipules narrow, the free extremities divergent, lanceolate, finely toothed and glandular at the margins. Petioles glandular. Flowers double, of a sulphur colour, rather full and fragrant. Bractes none. Peduncles filiform, glabrous, about an inch long. Calycine tube globose, glabrous. Sepals ovate-lanceolate, acuminate, entire or slightly pinnatifid, hairy, and furnished exteriorly with numerous small prickles. Petals obcordate. Styles copiously villose.

This interesting variety was raised about ten years ago by Mr. John Williams of Pitmaston, near Worcester, from seeds obtained from the single yellow rose, which but very rarely matures its fruit in this country. Among the seedlings raised on that occasion three proved to be double, one of which is the subject before us, which from its flowering freely, and from the size, form, and colour of its blossoms is justly esteemed a most valuable addition to our collection of hardy roses. Mr. Williams, in a communication to Mr. Sabine, describes it as a plant of vigorous growth, and that it sends forth abundance of suckers.

Our drawing was taken from a plant which blossomed in the gardens of the Zoological Society in June last. It may be increased by layers, or by being budded upon stocks of our native roses.

The generic name will be found explained at fol. 158.

D. Don.