Rosa macrantha (Shrub) [Thought to be a hybrid of R. gallica and R. canina or R. alba or R. arvensis] One of the myrrh-scented roses.

Gardening Illustrated (Oct 5, 1907) p. 417

Flowering shoot of Rosa macrantha. From a photograph in Mr. Chambers' garden at Haslemere.

THE origin of this beautiful single Rose is very obscure; but Rose-growers are agreed that it must; be a hybrid of R. gallica. It has the stiff, sturdy growth of this old-fashioned group. Unquestionably it is one of the most beautiful of single Roses, yielding large quantities of blush-white blossoms, richly endowed with golden stamens. R. macrantha is an excellent variety to grow for cutting, and has on many occasions enabled the decorator to win chief honours at various flower-shows. With the advent of newer sorts, there is now a rivalry between this Rose and Jersey Beauty, Una, sinica Anemone, and others; but it still remains a favourite sort for the above-named purpose.

R. macrantha blossoms about the middle of June, but its flowering season may be prolonged if some plants are grown in a northern aspect, where it blossoms beautifully, whether planted upon rather low walls or grown as pillars or single bushes, or as a hedge. In large gardens these summer-flowering Roses can be freely planted, but in the small garden they should not be overdone to the exclusion of the more perpetual sorts, which may be obtained in the Tea-scented and Hybrid Tea groups, so that, although justly praising the beautiful Rose under notice, I would recommend, if a single Rose is desired, that one or more of the exquisite Irish singles be planted, especially the delightful Irish Elegance and Irish Beauty. R. macrantha has of late years given us some lovely offspring, three or four at least, and perhaps there are more in the country.

The following three have been raised from R. macrantha—namely, Lady Sarah Wilson, semi-double creamy blush flowers; Lady White, semi-double white, tinted pink; Lady Curzon, single, pink. This last makes a fine clambering Rose for old tree-stump or pillar. Then there is a very delightful new sort named Mrs. O. G. Orpen. It is a large, semi-double flower, and its vigour is all that can be desired. Anyone wishing to have a fine decorative shrub could not do better than plant this Rose, even as a shrub, as one would a Lilac or Syringa-bush. Give plenty of space in a well-prepared position, and allow the bush to grow almost naturally. If single summer Roses are admired, some fine, showy companions to R. macrantha would be: Una, a glorious hybrid Brier, with buds like Tea Roses; the ever-popular Carmine Pillar; the newer and similar Morgenroth. which flowers later and more continuously; R. sinica Anemone, the queen of all single Roses; Hebe' Lip, the old red damask, and its striped form, Rosa Mundi, a Rose so often erroneously sold for York and Lancaster; R. altaica, and the ever-popular Penzance Briers.

A very beautiful semi-double satin-pink Rose is Lady Ardilaun, with huge flowers and huge petals, and with a nice, even, dwarf habit. Then we have two very charming novelties that are likely to be immensely popular. I refer to Lina Schmidt Michel and Sarah Bernhardt. This latter, as seen under glass, has blossoms larger than those of Noella Nabonnand, and of the glorious colour of Duke of Edinburgh. ROSA.

Journal des Roses, 1891