Rosa arkansana Porter (species) Includes R. heliophila Greene. The latter name replaced R. pratincola which had been previously used for a European species. Also includes R. suffulta Greene and R. alcea Greene. The "rootstocks" shown below are underground rhizomes, rather than proper roots.

Rosa suffulta (Also R. pratincola or R. arkansana)

Experiment Station of the Kansas State Agricultural College, Manhattan.
Bulletin No. 76 (February, 1898) p. 11

Fifth Report on Kansas Weeds—Vegetative Propagation of Perennial Weeds
A. S. Hitchcock, M. S., Botanist
Geo. L. Clothier, B. S., Assistant

7. ROSA ARKANSANA, Porter. (Wild Rose.)

Propagates extensively by creeping rootstocks, or under ground stems. Here and there new shoots arise from buds in the axils of scales on the rootstock, forming thus a new plant.

Plate II. Fig. 7. Diagram showing the system of rootstocks 1-24 natural size. The side branches are mostly roots. Fig. 8, a portion of a small rootstock is shown natural size. Fig. 9. a portion of a large one is shown in which a lateral rootstock has started, 1/2 natural size. These two latter were horizontal.

Greene: New Western Species of Rosa (1899)

Greene: Rosa mirifica, stellata, alcea (1910)

Greene: Some Western Roses (1911)

Weaver: Rosa arkansana (1919)

Ensign: Rosa pratincola (1919)

Wright: The True Dwarf Prairie Rose (1937)

Godfrey: Rosa pratincola in a Hardy Rose-Breeding Program (1942)

Wright: Rosa Suffulta as a Parent (1944)

Marshall: Breeding with Rosa arkansana (1976)