Rosa x harisonii - Harison's yellow [Double Scotch x R. foetida? ] The proper spelling of the breeder's name is "Harison", but it has also been spelled "Harrison" and "Harrisson". By 1846, this variety was already confused with 'Feast's Seedling', an OP seedling of 'Harison's Yellow' that resembled it very closely. It was introduced by Thomas Hogg, and was sometimes called 'Hogg's Yellow'. There were two specimens at the San Jose Heritage Rose Garden labeled as 'Harison's Yellow' that were clearly different. Unfortunately I did not keep the pictures separate. One bloomed over a longer season, a characteristic associated with 'Williams' Double Yellow'.
The Garden 25: 326 (April 19, 1884)
Harrison's Yellow Rose.— A few years ago I gave an account in THE GARDEN (Vol. XVII.) of all the American-named Roses up to that date, and among them Harrison's Yellow, which your correspondent "J.C.C." notices and speaks of as a valuable little Rose, whose parentage was unknown to him, but which appears to be a hybrid between the Persian yellow and some of the Scotch ones; and, further, that from whence this Rose came is not of much consequence. Now I differ from him somewhat, as I think it quite important to know the parentage of every fine plant or fruit, that we may know what hybridisation has accomplished, and as some slight guide to what we may expect in the production of hybrids. I gave the full account of this Rose in the Magazine of Horticulture in 1835, pretty nearly half a century ago. It was named before the Persian yellow was introduced to this country. At the time of my visit to Captain Harrison he could not state what varieties were the parents of his yellow Rose, as he rarely kept any account of them, but made it a practice to fertilise with any variety then in bloom, and it is probable that the parents were the yellow Scotch and perhaps the Austrian Rose. But of this we may be sure that if the grand Marechal Niel came by successive fertilisation from the old Noisette Rose, we may yet expect, with the same perseverance and skill, a yellow Rose much finer than the Harrison.—C. M. Hovey
I cannot find his "full account" in the 1835 edition, unless he meant this note from "An Amateur. Cambridge, July 10th, 1835":
"Rosa spinosissima L., (Scotch rose). The Scotch rose, the R. pimpinellifolia of the French, was but very little known beyond its wild state, till within late years. A communication by Mr. Sabine, in the London Horticultural Society's Transactions some time since, gives a history of this rose, and describes several seedling varieties. Since which time, however, hundreds of seedlings have been raised and cultivated: it is stated that not more than twenty-five or thirty are tolerably distinct. They are very desirable for early flowering, and no garden should be without a few of the best varieties. When planted in a clump, the effect of their profuse bloom is peculiarly showy. A seedling raised by Mr. Harrison, of New York, a few years since, is said to be a splendid variety: it is of a brilliant deep yellow, and perfectly double."
May 23, 2009 - SJH
May 3, 2008 (SJH)
April 12, 2008 (SJH)
Showing serrate leaflets
June 9, 2007 (SJH)
Simply serrate leaves.
Harison's Yellow flushing red again. These blooms opened a couple of days after a heatwave.
'Harison's Yellow' showing an unusual flush of red on the fronts of the petals (6/29/2003). The color isn't quite right — the yellow was more intense. The sudden appearance of this red pigment following a heatwave suggests that the "genes for red" of R. foetida bicolor are inherent in 'Harison's Yellow', but are normally suppressed.
Below, typical form
May 28, 2001 (SJH)
Unripe hip (6/29/2003)
April 14, 2004 - SJH
Sept 2004 - SJH
American Rose Annual 1: 34 (1916)
Dr. W. Van Fleet
Rosa lutea (Harrison's Yellow).—Reference has already been made to this charming variety. The pollen has been quite extensively used on R. rugosa and other species, but thus far has given little result except in the production of the dark crimson Rugosa hybrid, Agnes Emily Carman. I have raised some very attractive yellow and coppery flowered crosses of Harrison with rugosa alba, but only disappointment has followed its use with other varieties. Plants of Harrison's Yellow in dry situations occasionally seed with some freedom; but, although many hundreds of chance or self-fertilized seeds have been sown, I have never known one to germinate, and have never been able to secure seeds by pollinating its blooms from other roses, though as many as 600 trials have been made in a season. All seeds produced by this fine old variety should be planted in the hope that some will grow and in time help to solve the riddle of its origin.
Seeds of other forms of R. lutea, such as Persian Yellow, Austrian Copper, etc., are quite as refractory, none germinating under my observation. Persian Yellow is, however, the pollen parent of Lord Penzance, one of the best of the Sweetbrier hybrids, and also through Soleil d'Or, is the dominant parent of the new Pernetiana race. It may well be used in this country.