New Improvements of Planting and Gardening pp. 45-56 (1718) 2nd edition
Richard Bradley

SECT. V. Of the ROSE-TREE and its Kinds.

WE have more Variety of Roses propagated by our Gardeners, than of any other flowering Tree or Shrub; the Flowers are most delightful for their agreeable Odour and Beauty, I have seen one or other of them Blossoming for ten Months of the Year, without using any great Art to alter the natural Season of their Blowing. The Gardeners distinguish them by the following Names, first the Cinnamon Rose, which is the most forward Blower; the Monthly Rose, and the Cluster Monthly Rose, which if they happen to be planted against a warm Wall, will begin to blow about the latter End of March or the Beginning of April, and continue to produce Flowers for almost three Months, and if after they are out of Flower they have the Tops of their Branches pruned off, we may expect a second Crop of Roses from the same Trees in Autumn, which will continue their Blossom almost till Christmas, if the Weather be open. The next after these is the Damask Rose, which will begin its Blossom in May, and continue Flowering for above six Weeks. The Rosamundi or York and Lancaster Rose, with the White, Red and Yellow Roses, begin their Blossom somewhat later than the Damask: And last of all, the Centifol, or Province-Rose, shows us its surprizing Flowers; but besides the several Sorts which I have here set down, there are many others which I have not yet seen. That curious and incomparable Patroness of Botany, the late Dutchess of Beaufort, has told me of 16 different sorts, which her Grace cultivated in her Gardens at Badminton; but altho' the several sorts of Roses differ in their times of Flowering, yet are they all propagated after the same manner; they love a strong holding Ground, and delight so much in moist Places, that they will even grow in Water; they may either be raised from Layers or Suckers, the first may be layn down in September, and the Suckers may be taken from the old Roots in that Month, or about March, and transplanted immediately, before their Roots, which have but few Fibers, grow dry; but in case Necessity obliges us to keep them out of the Ground for some time, lay their Roots in Water for five or six Hours before Planting. The Rose-Tree may be either cultivated for the Quarters of Wilderness Works, to be planted there among other Flowering Shrubs, or trained up into Standard-Plants for Pots.

Rose lists