Biochemical Systematics and Ecology, 23(2): 183-200 (1995)
Flower Flavonol and Anthocyanin Distribution in Subgenus Rosa
Yuko Mikanagi, Masato Yokoi, Yoshiro Ueda, Norio Saito

TABLE 2. FLOWER FLAVONOL AND ANTHOCYANIN DISTRIBUTION IN SUBGENUS ROSA DETERMINED BY TLC ANALYSIS

Plant analyzed 3-glu 3-rha 3-glr 3-rut 3-sop 7-glu 4'-glu 3,5-glu 3-glu
K Q K Q K Q K Q K Q K Q Cy Pn Cy Pn
Group 1                                
Section Gallicanae
R. gallica 3 3 2 2 2 1 3 2 2
R. gallica officinalis 3 3 1 1 1 1 + 2 2 2 1
R. gallica versicolor 3 3 2 1 1 2 2 3 1 1
R. gallica Cardinal de Richelieu 3 3 1 1 1 2 1 2 3 1 1 1
R. gallica Duc de Guiche 2 3 + 1 1 3
R. gallica La Plus Belle des Ponctuées 3 3 1 2 1
R. gallica Shigyoku 3 3 1 + 1 3
R. gallica White Provence 3 3 1 1 1 1
R. X centifolia 3 3 1 1 1 2 1 3 1
R. X centifolia bullata 3 3 2 1 1 2 1 3 1
R. X centifolia cristata 3 2 1 3 2 2 1
R. X centifolia minima 3 3 2 1 2 2 1 2 2 3
R. X centifolia muscosa 3 3 2 2 2 2 1 2 3 1 1 1
R. X centifolia parvifolia 2 3 1 1 1 1 2 2 2
R. X centifolia Variegata di Bologna 3 3 1 1 1 1 + 2 2 2 1
R. X damascena 3 3 2 1 2 1 2 2 2
R. X damascena semperflorens 3 3 1 1 1 1 1 + 1
R. X damascena trigintipetala 3 2 1 + 1 + + + 1
R. X damascena vers/color 3 3 2 1 2 1 1 2 1 2
R. X damascena Gloire de Guilan 3 3 2 2 2 1 2 2 1
R. X damascena Ispahan 2 2 1 3 2 2 1
Alain Blanchard 2 3 1 1 2
Camaieux 3 3 1 + 1 1 + 1 2 3 1
Celsiana 3 3 2 1 1 2 2 3 1 1
Charles de Mills 3 3 1 1 1 3 2 2 1 1
Four Seasons White Moss 2 3 + 1 1 1 1
Hippolyte 3 3 2 2 2 2 1 1 2 2 2
Nuits de Young 3 3 2 1 1 1 1 1 3 2
Sissinghurst Castle 3 3 1 + 1 1 + 1 2 3 1
Tuscany Superb 2 3 1 1 2 3 1
Violacea 3 3 1 1 2 1 2 3 + 1 1
William Lobb 2 3 2 1 1 1 1 2 3 +

 

Plant analyzed 3-glu 3-rha 3-glr 3-rut 3-sop 7-glu 4'-glu 3,5-glu 3-glu
K Q K Q K Q K Q K Q K Q Cy Pn Cy Pn
Section Chinenses
R. chinensis 3 3 1 1 1 2 1 2 3 2
R. chinensis minima 3 3 2 1 2 1 2 3 1
R. chinensis mutabilis 3 3 2 3 3 2 1 1 2 1 1 2
R. chinensis semperflorence 3 3 2 2 1 2 1 2 3 1 3 +
R. chinensis spontanea 3 2 1 1 1 1 2- 2 1
R. chinensis viridiflora 3 2 2 1 1 2 1 t 2
R. chinensis Hermosa 3 3 1 1 3 1 3 3 1
R. chinensis Miss Lowe 3 3 2 3 2 1 1 3 3
R. chinensis Old Blush 3 3 1 1 1 2 1 2 2
R. chinensis Pompon de Paris 3 3 2 1 2 1 2 1
R. chinensis Sanguinea 3 3 1 2 1 2 1 2 3 3
R. chinensis Single Pink China 3 3 1 2 1 2 1 2 3 3
R. gigantea 3 3 2 1 1 2 1
R.X odorata 3 2 2 2 2 1 2 1
Section Synstylae
R. arvensis 3 2 2 1 1 1 2 1
R. longicuspis 3 2 2 1 3 2 1 2 1
R. luciae 3 2 1 2 1 1 1 1 2 1
R. moschata nepalensis 3 3 2 2 1 1 1 1 2 1
R. multiflora nana 3 2 1 2 1 1 1 1 2 1
R. soulieana 3 2 1 3 2 1 1 3 1
Section Laevigatae
R. laevigata 3 2 1 1 1 1 2
R. laevigata rosea 3 3 2 2 1 1 1 2 3
Section Bracteatae
R. bracteata 3 1 1 3 1
Section Bonksianae
R. banksiae 3 1 1 1
R. banksiae lutea 3 1 1 1 2
R. banksiae lutescens 3 1 2 1
R. banksiae normalis 3 1 1 2
Group 2                                
Section Caninae
R. agrestis 3 2 1 2 3 3 1 1 1 1
R. canina 3 2 1 2 1 + 3 3 2 2 1
R. canina Abbotswood 2 1 2 1 1 1 3 3 2 2 1 2 1
R. canina English Briar 1 2 3 1 2 2 3
R. corymbifera 3 2 1 3 3 2 1
R. dumalis 2 2 1 2 1 2 3 3 1 2
R. eglanteria 2 1 1 1 3 3 1 1 1 2
R. glutinosa 3 3 1 3 3 2 2
R. hawrana 2 2 1 1 1 3 3 1 2 2 1
R. horrida 3 3 2 2 1
R. inodora 2 1 2 1 3 3 1 1 1 2
R. marginata 3 3 3 1 1 1 3 3 2 2
R. micrantha 3 3 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
R. mollis 2 2 2 1 1 3 3 1 1
R. montana 3 2 2 1 3 3 2 2
R. pomifera 2 1 1 2 2 2 2
R. pomifera Duplex 3 2 2 1 1 3 3 2 2 2 2
R. rubrifolia 3 1 2 1 1 1 2 3 1 1 2 3
R. serafinii 2 2 2 2 2 3 2 2 2 3
R. sicula 2 2 2 + 1 3 2 2
R. tomentosa 3 3 3 3 3 1 1 1
Section Carolinae
R. carolina 2 2 1 2 1 3 3 1 2 2
R. carolina alba 2 2 2 3 3 2 2
R. foliolosa 3 2 1 2 1 3 2 1 1 2
R. nitida 2 2 1 1 1 3 3 1 1 3 3 1
R. palustris 3 1 1 2 2 2 1 2
R. virginiana 2 2 2 1 3 3 1 2 3 2
R. X mariae-graebneriae 1 2 2 1 1 3 3 1 2 3 2
Section Rosa
R. acicularis bourgeauiana 2 1 2 3 1 1 1 2 2
R. acicularis nipponensis 2 1 1 1 3 3 2 2 3 3 3
R. blanda 1 1 1 1 1 3 2 1 1 2 3 1
R. caudata 3 3 2 2 3 + 2 1 2
R. davidii elongata 1 1 3 + 2 1 2 2 1 1
R. davurica 1 2 2 + 1 1 2
R. elegantua 1 1 1 2 3 1 3 3

  Flavonol Anthocyanin
Plant analyzed 3-glu 3-rha 3-glr 3-rut 3-sop 7-glu 4'-glu 3,5-glu 3-glu
K Q K Q K Q K Q K Q K Q Cy Pn Cy Pn
R. fedtschenkoana 3 2 2 2 1 2 1 2 1
R. gymnocarpa 1 1 3 3 1 1 2 1 1 1
R. hemsleyana 3 2 1 1 1 2 3 2 1 2
R. holodonta 2 1 2 1 2 1 3 1 1 3 1
R. Iatibracteata 3 3 3 2 1 1 3 3 1 1 2 3
R. laxa 2 1 1 1 2 3 3 1 1
R. nanothamnus 3 2 3 2 1 2 3 3 1 2
R. pisocarpa 2 2 2 3 3 2
R. prattii 3 1 1 1 3 3 1 1 3 2
R. pyrifera 1 1 1 1 2 3 2 2 2 2
R. salictorum 2 t 2 t 1 1 3 2 1 1 1
R. saturata 2 2 1 1 1 7 1 3 2 2 1 2
R. setipoda 1 1 1 1 2 2 3 2
R. spaldingii 2 1 1 1 2 3 1 2
R. sweginzowi 2 3 3 t 2 3
R. ultramontana 2 2 1 1 3 3 t 2 2 1
R. wardii culta 3 1 1 1 1 3 2 2 2
R. webbiana 2 2 2 3 3 2 3 2 1
R. woodsii 3 3 3 2 1 1 3 3 1 1 2 3
R. yainacensis 2 2 1 3 3 3 2 1 3
Group 3                                
Section Pimpinellifoliae
R. hemisphaerica
R. sericea 1 1 2 3 3
R. spinosissima hispida 2 2 3 1 2 3 2 3 3
R. spinosissima nana 2 1 3 3 1 1 1 1
R. xanthina 3 1 1 1 3 2 3
R. X pteragonis cantabrigiensis 1 1 1 2 1 2 + 1 3 3

 

3. Presence of a large amount; 2, regular presence; 1, presence of a small amount; +, presence of a trace amount; -, absence.
Grades of flavonoid amounts roughly correspond to the value (%) of HPLC analysis as follows 3, 20-60%; 2, 10-20%; 1, 5-10%; +, 1-5%.
K = kaempferol, Q = quercetin, Cy = cyanidin, Pn = peonidin, 3-glu = 3-glucoside, 3 rha = 3-rhamnoside, 3-glr = 3-glucuronide,
3 rut = 3-rutinoside, 3-sop = 3-sophoroside, 7-glu = 7 glucoside, 4-glu= 4-glucoside, 3,5 glu = 3,5-diglucoside