American Gardening Feb. 12, 1898 p. 130
Elberta Peach
Chas. Wright, Del.

The Elberta peach seems to have again jumped into popularity, not that it was not already prominent, but it seems to have had a new boom this fall in localities where it was heretofore but little known.

Horticultural writers fall into error when they compare it with Crawford, for it in no way resembles either Crawford's Early or Crawford's Late in tree or fruit, except that it is a yellow freestone. Any one who has worked in it, in the orchard or packing house, can readily affirm this, and I doubt if I have a man in my employ who could not pick an Elberta out of any basket he saw if there were one in there.

The peach is somewhat oblong, light yellow, often with red cheek, a color peculiarly its own. The tree resembles peaches of the Chinese type, has heavy dark green foliage that fades to a dingy yellow when it falls. It is of somewhat spreading growth, but not drooping. It is not an immense peach like Cooper's Mammoth, Globe, or Wheatland; still it is as large as the average of any of these and there are not many small fruits as sometimes happens with the above mentioned. I know of no variety that averages so large and uniform a size.

There is no peach which in any respect resembles it, except Denton, a new variety not yet introduced, and Emma, which I have not seen in fruit.

The fact is, hucksters and dealers call most all yellow fruit Crawfords in order to help the sale, long after these kinds are out of market.

Mr. Rumph, who originated Elberta, told the writer it was a cross between Chinese Cling and Crawford's Late, the only good one out of 12,000 seedlings. I saw the original tree In 1892 on his grounds at Marshallville, Ga. There are many thousand Elberta trees in fruit in this locality, and it is as well known as Oldmixon, and always commands the best price. I grew and shipped the first Elberta that ever went from Seaford station, und have propagated not less than half a million trees since its introduction.

It seems to succeed everywhere, and is no doubt the most popular peach before the public to-day, and there are, no doubt, more trees planted of it than all others combined.


The Southern Cultivator and Dixie Farmer 45(2): 49-50 (February, 1887)

Rumph's Elberta Fruit Farm

The Marshallville, Ga., Times, in its fine trade issue, gives a glowing description of the "Willow Lake Nursery" of Mr. Samuel H. Rumph, of that place, and his wonderful success as an extensive fruit-grower. In presenting a cut of the "Elberta" peach the Times thus refers to its acknowledged value: The State Horticultural Society says of this variety: "Elberta we place at the head of the list of July peaches. It is delicate in texture, exquisite in flavor, peculiarly beautiful in shape and color and of large size and a most profitable variety." Mr. Rumph's success in raising and selling fruit is not confined to the peach by any means, as he realized in one year a net profit from seven-eighths of an acre in Wild Goose plums of over $500. From one tree he sold $21.50 worth of fruit in a single season.

Immediately north and adjacent to Rumph's nursery is a young fruit farm belonging to his father-in-law, Mr. B. T. Moore. The orchard has one nundred and ten acres, containing 20,000 trees, and is known as the Elberta Fruit Farm, and is planted exclusively in the Elberta peach and Wild Goose plum. This orchard has many avenues, on eigher side of which are planted LeConte pears, making it one of the most beautiful orchards we have ever visited.


The "Elberta" Peach, Originated by S. H. Rumph, Marshallville, GA.