American Farmer 1(11): 333 (May 1846) 344

CHARCOAL IN WHEAT
Mr. Haywood of Buffalo

In a former No. we noticed the fact that Mr. Haywood, of Buffalo, had made some experiments with charcoal, which had proved eminently successful—The New Genesee Farmer furnishes the following more particular statement thereof:

By all means remember that it is far better to sow but five acres, and so feed the plants that they will give you forty bushels per acre, than to sow fifteen acres, and starve the young wheat plants down to twelve bushels per acre, and have even that badly shrunken with rust. Don't forget that it takes less seed, and fewer hard days' work to raise 200 bushels on six, than on fifteen acres of land.

Nothing is more common in Western New York, Pennsylvania and Ohio, than for land to be too rich in vegetable mould, to bring good wheat. The straw grows too rank, and thick, and is very liable to be affected by rust. To prevent this latter malady, Mr. Haywood of Buffalo, has used charcoal with signal success. Mr. H. is the owner of a tract of splendid wheat land near Sandusky, Ohio, where he has two flourishing Mills. He has kindly furnished us with a plot of seven wheat fields, taken for experiments last season, with the results, which follow:

No. 1.—50 acres—applied fifty bushels of coal, ground fine, per acre. Yield 25 bushels per acre.
No. 2.—4 acres—no coal applied; wheat badly rusted; yield 5 bushels per acre.
No. 3.—15 acres—coal as in No. 1; yield 25 bushels per acre.
No. 4.—25 acres—coal as in No. 1; yield 35 bushels per acre.
No. 15.—5 acres—coal; yield 25 bushels per acre.
No. 6.—8 acres—no coal; yield 5 bushels per acre.
No. 7.—6 acres—no coal; yield 3 bushels per acre.
Note. —No. 4 was seeded with old wheat.

The soil, culture, &c., were precisely alike, except the use of fifty bushels of coal per acre, as designated—sown in April and May. The soil abounds in lime and organic matter.

Mr. Haywood will apply 10,000 bushels of coal to the fields to be sown in wheat this autumn. It costs him $30 per 1000 bushels. He grinds it in a common bark mill used by tanners.