The Gardeners' Chronicle p. 504 (July 22, 1843)
Shrubland Park, Iswich
The summer climbing Roses, such as Ayrshire, Boursault, and many of the evergreen and multiflora divisions, are now fading off for the season, leaving blanks in the Rosary, and along the arcades and pillars of Roses, walls, banks, &c. which will not be up again in many places till next June. Twenty years ago this would have been thought of little consequence; but in these days we are so accustomed to a rich display of autumnal Roses that from May to November the "Rosary" is expected to exhibit a perpetual succession of bloom. How to effect this is the object of my remarks this week. We cannot possibly do away with our beautiful summer garlands without losing the best feature of our flower‑gardens; we must therefore endeavour to clothe our summer climbers by budding on them autumnal flowering Roses, using those only that are of a dwarfish, compact habit, so that they may not interfere with the free habits of their foster parents, so to speak. Hybrid Perpetuals and Chinas are best suited for this work, unless, indeed, your climbing Roses are against walls with favourable aspects, when you may employ the dwarf Bourbons and a few of the tea-scented kinds, instead of the Chinas. The prevailing tint in summer climbers is whitish, and as some of the sorts to be budded on them may be expected to flower occasionally at the same time with them, it may be as well to make use of higher‑coloured varieties; but individual taste will determine this. A few whites would relieve the other colours in the autumn. Among the Chinas, perhaps the best whites for this purpose are Clara Sylvain and Infidelité de Lisette, to which you may add Camellia blanc, or any other white sort you may already possess. Among the higher colours in the section of Chinas there is great room for choice, but private gardeners can hardly be expected to know all the best sorts. Until you find a better list, take the following: Paris, Saint Pern, Cramoisie supèrieur, Henry V., Baron de Lange, Camoens, Abbé Mioland, and Fabvier. All these are very fine, and as China Roses are not so particular about the kind of stock they are on as many of the Perpetuals, they had better be wrought on the Ayrshire Roses, while the hybrid Perpetuals should be budded on the Boursault and Banksian. The dwarf Bourbons should also be worked on the freer kinds, and being more tender than the Chinas and Perpetuals, should have the more favourable situations, Any one having a large Banksian Rose against a house or south wall, may easily establish a selection of Bourbon and Tea-scented Roses on it, and in hard winters these could be saved by covering them over with mats. None of the Tea and few of the dwarf Bourbons do well on their own roots in our climate. There are few good white Roses among the Bourbons; perhaps Julie à Joynes and Acidalie are the two best of this colour, while there is no want of good sorts with rose, red, and Crimson colours. Among the old Perpetuals the Crimson or La Perpetuelle is the best; and William Jesse is perhaps the best among the newest ones, but in this class the difficulty is to pick out a bad one; they are all good.