Cyclopedia of American Horticulture 6: 1884-1885 (1906)

Urceocharis Clibrani

2622. At the left, Eucharis grandiflora; next, Urceolina pendula; at the right, the hybrid Urceocharis Clibrani

URCEOCHARIS (hybrid name, suggesting that the plant is a hybrid between Urceolina and Eucharis). Amaryllidaceae. The only species, Urceocharis Clibrani (see Fig. 2622) is a tender winter-blooming bulbous plant with broad lvs. a foot long and half as wide and large, white, bell-shaped, 6-lobed flowers, a dozen or so in an umbel, and each 2 in. across. The plant is a hybrid, introduced about 1892, between Urceolina pendula and Eucharis grandiflora, or in gardener's language Urceolina aurea and Eucharis Amasonica. A flower of the hybrid and of each of its parents is shown in Fig. 2622. The hybrid gets its white color from Eucharis, the flowers of Urceolina being yellow. The shape of its flower is so singular a mixture of the two as to be very different in appearance from either. The hybrid lacks the beautiful staminal cup of Eucharis, and has a distinctly bell-shaped perianth. The showy part ol Urceolina is the urn-shaped portion of the flower, the spreading tips being very short. The perianth of Eucharis is funnelform, the spreading portion being large and showy. The perianth-tube and ovary of the hybrid are like those of Urceolina, the ovary being deeply 3-lobed instead of globose as in Eucharis. The pedicels are ascending, as in Eucharis, not pendulous as in Urceolina. The appendages at the base of the stamens are more distinctly marked than in either of the parents.

The parents of Urceocharis belong to the Pancratium tribe, characterized by having the stamens appendaged toward the base and often united into a distinct cup. TweIve of the 17 genera in this tribe are from the Andes and 8 of these, including Eucharis and Urceolina, have broad and petioled lvs. and the ovules are superposed. Eucharis and Urceolina have a long, slender tube which is suddenly swollen above. The flowers of Eucharis are white and those of Urceolina colored, but the essential difference between the two genera lies in the stamens, which are minutely appendaged in Urceolina, while in Eucharis they are quadrate and sometimes united to make a cup.

This bigeneric hybrid was introduced to the trade under the name of Eucharis Clibrani, but the changes wrought in the structure of the flower by the cross are so great that Dr. Masters was justified in giving the plant a new genus.

Clibrani, Mast. (Eucharis Clibrani, Hort.). Tender bulbous hybrid of Urceolina pendula and Eucharis grandiflora, with petioled lvs. 1x1 1/2 ft. and umbels of white bell-shaped 6-lobed fls. each 2 in. across and a dozen in an umbel. Anthers depauperate. Blooms in early winter. For culture, see Urceolina, G.C. III. 12:215; 26:251. Gn. 44, p. 459. G.M. 35:790.—Int. about 1892 by Messrs. Clibran, Oldfleld Nurseries, Altrincham, England. W. M.