Flora Mexicana (1887)
Martinus Sessé et Josephus Mariannus Mociño

Amaryllis

(Page 93)
Cernua. Amaryllis spatha communi multiflora, propriis unifloris, alternis, corollis nutantibus, foliis ensiformibus. Fl. Mex.
Radix: bulbus squamosus.
Caulis: scapus foliosus, teres, glaber, bipedalis.
Folia ensiformia, vaginantia, scapum æquantia.
Spathæ communes concavæ, carinatæ, longissimæ, acuminatæ, integerrimæ, membranaceæ, purpurascentes, florum spicas includentes. Propriæ consimiles, triplo breviores, unifloræ.
Spicæ pedunculatæ, cernuæ.
Corollæ atro-purpuræ, pedicellatæ, nutantes, petalis tribus extimis carinatis, intimis tribus planis, paulo breuioribus angustioribusque, squamæ nectariferæ nullæ.
Stamina corollis dimidio breuiora. Antheræ ouatæ, erectæ, inuersa floris positione nutantes.
Germen inferum, triangulare. Stylus brevissimus. Stigmata tria, acuta, patenti-reflexa.
Habitat in summis montium Sancti Heremi cacumininibus. Floret Iulio. .

Capensis? Amaryllis spatha uniflora, corolla æquali, pistillo declinato. Hort. Cliff. 135.
Habitat in anfractibus Guadalaxaræ uiciniis.
Corollæ rubro-purpurascentes.
——Amaryllis spatha multiflora; corollis campanulatis, æqualibus; genitalibus declinatis; scapo compresso, longitudine umbellæ. Roy. Lugdb. 72. 36; Ehret. pict. t. 13.
Lilium Africanum humili, longissimis foliis, polyanthos, saturato colore purpurascente. Herm. Parad. 195. t. 195.
Habitat in Æthiopia, colliturque pro deliciis in corymbis Guadalaxaræ, Nov. Hisp., ubi flor de Lis uulgo adpellatur. .
Flores tres ad sex saturate coccineæ ex singula spatha egrediuntur Aprili mense.

Regina. Amaryllis spatha multiflora, corollis æqualibus, petalis undulatis, staminibus declinatis. Fl. Mex.
Scapus teres, inflatus ad medium.
Spatha subseptemflora. Petala albo-fusca, tribus rubris.
Habitat in México. Floret toto vere.

(Page 95)
Biflora. Amaryllis spatha biflora, corollis æqualibus, campanulatis, genitalibus declinatis.
Radix: bulbus tunicatus, infernè barbatus.
Scapus teres, inanis, glaber, foliis dimidio longior.
Folia oblonga, canaliculata.
Spathæ diphyllæ, oblongæ, membranaceæ, compressæ, pallide rubentes, bifloræ, raro trifloræ.
Pedunculi teretes, spatha paulo breviores, diuergentes, apice declinati.
Corollæ campanulatæ, petalis tribus exterioribus latioribus, apice mucronatis, mucrone inflexo.
Habitat prope Oppidum de Toa Alta, ubi uulgo Amapola nominatur. Floret Aprili.
Obseruatio. Petala basi in tubum obtuse trigonum coalita, ut corolla monopetala, infundibuliformis recte diceretur.


CybeRose Notes: The Sessé expedition was principally in the year 1795, but the report was not published until nearly a century later.

Amaryllis biflora Ses. & Moc. is apparently the species now known as Hippeastrum puniceum. Hill also gave the name A. biflora to this species earlier in the 17th century, which gives the name priority over Amaryllis punicea of Lamarck (1783). Toa Alta is in Puerto Rico.

Amaryllis Regina Ses. & Moc. may be the Cape Belladonna, which could easily have been introduced to Mexico by that time. If not, I'd like to know what other Amaryllis with around seven flowers was growing in Mexico at the time.

For more information on the Sessé expedition, visit: http://www.rjb.csic.es/colecciones/herbario/expedicios.htm#Sessé