Mod. 21 Dec 1999
Flora: seu de Florum Cultura, 1665
John Rea

p 78:

1) Narcissus Indicus autumnalis latifolius rubellus instar Lilii polianthos. (reddish)

2) Narcissus Indicus autumnalis rubello albicante colore polianthos. (blush)

3) Narcissus Indicus latifolia squamosa radice flore phoeniceo.

4) Narcissus latifolius flore Phoeniceo instar Jacobei polianthos.

The broad leaved Daffodil, with scarlet flowers, many on one stalk, vulgarly called Jacobea, this is the red Daffodil described by Mr. Parkinson, the plant is tender, unapt to live with us, and the flower of small beauty.

5) Narcissus Virginianus latifolius flore purpurascente. (sullen purplish color)

Of this generation is the Narcissus of Japan or Garnsey Lilly (peach colored, blooming in Oct.)

These Indian daffodills flower late, most of them not before September, and some after; they are all strangers in England, except that of the Garnsey: many of them are described by Ferrarius, and I finde them all mentioned in the Catalogue of the Paris Garden, but of what beauty they are, or how they prosper there, I confess I am yet to learn, and I doubt Indian Plants like little better in France than with us; besides they being of the nature of the great Sea-Daffodill, if the fibres be either broken in taking up those large roots, or spoiled by so long a journey, the roots will undoubtedly perish, and never comprehend in the ground or spring at all.


Rea took his title and some of his descriptions from Ferrari's Flora, which was reprinted (Latin) in 1664 at Amsterdam. The plants listed here are easy enough to sort out: #1 is Ferrari's Saturo, #2 is his Diluto. A problem arises with #4, though, because Ferrari's Jacobeus (of Aldinus) was not the same as the Jacobeus (of Clusius) described by Parkinson. Parkinson did, however, incorrectly state that Aldinus had described the same plant.

#5 is the Atamasco. It is odd that Rea should claim that only the "Garnsey" was known in England, since Parkinson reported having the Atamasco and a double-flowered relative, as well as the one-flowered Jacobaeus of Clusius.

His opinion of the "small beauty" of the Red Daffodil — which he had not seen — is perhaps based on Ferrari's lack of success with the plant. Aldinus praised its beauty highly.