Hortus Cliffortianus
Linnaeus (1738)

1. AMARYLLIS spatha multiflora, corollis aequalibus patentissimis revolutis, genitalibus longissimis.
Lilio-Narcissus japonicus, rutilo flore. Moris hist. 2. p. 367. Boerh. lugdb. 2. p. 147.
Narcissus japonicus, rutilo flore. Corn. canad. 157. t. 158.
Lilium sarniense. Dugl. monogr. t. 1, 2.
Seki san. Kaempf. jap. 872.
Crescit in Japonia. Radices ex Japonia allatae & ex nave naufraga ejectae in littus arenosum insulae Sarniae [Guernsey] inter spartia maritima & vento fortiore arenam eo appellente, qua demum praedicti bulbi tecti post aliquot annos summa cum incolarum admiratione, flores dedere. Moris.

2. AMARYLLIS spatha multiflora, corollis campanulatis aequalibus, genitalibus declinatis.
Lilio Narcissus polyanthos, flore incarnato, fundo ex luteo albescente. Sloane. flor. 115. hist. I. p. 244. Tournef. inst. 386. Boerh. lugdb. 2. p. 147 Seb. thes. 1. p. 25. t. 17. f. 1.
Lilio-Narcissus americanus, puniceo flore, Bella donna dictus. Pluk. alm. 220.
Lilium americanum, puniceo flore, bella donna dictum. Herm parad. 194.
Lilium rubrum. Mer. surin. 22. f. 22.
Crescit in Caribaeis, Barbados & Surinama.

3. AMARYLLIS spatha uniflora, corolla inaequali, genitalibus declinatis.
Lilio Narcissus jacobaeus, flore sanguineo nutante. Dill. elth. 195. t. 162. f. 196.
Lilio Narcissus jacobaeus latifolius indicus, rubro flore. Moris. hist. 2. p. 609. f. 4. t. 10. f. 31. Tournef. inst. 385.
Lilio Narcissus indicus rubeus monanthos jacobaeus. Barr. rar. t. 1035.
Narcissus latifolius indicus, rubro flore. Clus. hist. 1. p. 157. Bauh. hist. 2. p. 609.
Crescit in America meridionali.

4. AMARYLLIS spatha uniflora, corolla aequali, pistillo refracto.
Lilio Narcissus vernus angustifolius, flore purpurescente, Barr. rar. t. 994.
Lilio Narcissus s. Narcissus liliflorus carolinianus, flore albo singulari cum rubedine diluto. Pluk. alm. 220. t. 42. f. 3.
Crescit in Carolina.

5. AMARYLLIS spatha uniflora, corolla aequali, staminibus declinatis.
Lilio Narcissus luteus autumnalis minor, Tournef. inst. 386. Bauh. lugdb. 2. p. 147.
Narcissus serotinus Clus. hist. I. p. 162.
Narcissus autumnalis minor. Bauh. hist. 2. p. 662.
Crescit inHispania ad Anam flumen in Turdalis.

Lilio narcissus vocabulum est consarcinatum, quod rejecio. Flores hujos generis eximii sunt, nescio num 2da parem habeat, hinc Bella donna dictae pluris; Bella donna virgilis, Amaryllis dicta, nomine transiit in proverbium de omni grato, & de secunda specie apud Hortulanos quosdam, qua cum & radice amara sit, pro Amarella Amaryllis dicatur.


In the catalog of botanical works cited in Hort. Cliff. W. L. Tjaden (1979) found:

No. 63 Douglas, James — Lilium sarniense 1725 fol. angl. p. 35 t. 2 — Docte describit Amaryllidem 2dam.

This indicates that at one time Linnaeus intended for the Guernsey Lily to be the second entry in the list, and allows the possibility that the final paragraph referred to this plant rather than to Amaryllis Belladonna. It is not conclusive, however, since we cannot be sure whether the paragraph was written before or after the reversal of the first and second entries. Tjaden was unable to trace the origin of the name Amarella, which would settle the matter.

I have speculated that the name Amarella derived from the Portuguese "Lirio amarelas", the common name for yellow daylilies, which would be a reasonable name for the gold and silver Amaryllis striata Lamarck.

It is worth noting that Clusius described Sternbergia as being bitter (amara) in all its parts, and reported the Spanish name as "Açuçenas amarillas", or Yellow Lilies.

However, John Simson painted the Amarilla in 1729, which removes doubt about which plant Linnaeus had in mind.