Amaryllis Belladonna Linnaeus (1753)
Other Names

12 Dec 2000 The Red Lily
Modern References
Herbert (1837) Amaryllidaceae

King (1998) Herbert and Coburghia

Lindley (1821) Collectanea Botanica; discussion of Herbert's revisions.

Lindley (1853) Cryptic Clues

Uphof (1938) Refutation of Herbert's Revision

Sealy (1939) Sealy against Uphof

Uphof (1939) Refutation of Sealy


Amarilla
John Simson
(1729)

Bella Donna
Paul Hermann
(1698)

King (2000) Refutation of Sealy

Dandy & Fosberg (1954) Acceptance of Sealy's Proposal

Tjaden (1979) Amaryllis Belladonna and the Guernsey Lily

Amaryllis dubia Alm / Crinum barbatum L., Linnaean Herbarium (Swedish Museum)

Unlabeled Specimen (Rubra Bicolour) in Clifford Herbarium

Ravenna: Decisive proof, Amaryllis over Hippeastrum (2003)


Life spans of principal sources
Historical References

Carolus Clusius: Rariorum (1576) Narcissus

Clusius: Jacobaeus (1601)

Pierre Vallet Le Jardin du très Chrestien Henry IV (1608)

Emanuel Sweerts [1552-1612] Florilegium (1612)

Theodore de Bry Florilegium (1612-18)

Bernabe Cobo [1580-1657] Historia del Nuevo Muendo Amancaes

Caspar Bauhin (1623) 1671 Narcissus Exoticus (Pinax)

Tobia Aldinus: Hortus Farnesianus (1625) Lilionarcissus rubeus indicus

John Parkinson Paradisi in Sole Terrestris (1629) Red Daffodill, etc.

Cornut's Canadensium (1635) Narcissus pumilus indicus polyanthos Part of Amaryllis Belladonna L'Heritier

Giovanni Ferrari (1633) Jacobeus, Saturo, Diluto

Joannes Laet (1640) Lis rouge (French translation)

John Tradescant (1656) Narcissus, Lilio-Narcissus

Richard Ligon (1657) Red Lilly

Sir Thomas Hanmer (1659) Narcissus Barbadicus

John Rea (1665) Red Daffodil

Cesar (Charles) de Rochefort (1662, 1665) Lys orangez des Antilles

Jean Baptiste Du Tertre (1667) Lys orangé dans les Isles

Morison (1680) Lilionarcissus

Ray (1686) Jacobaeus

Paul Hermann (1687) Hort. Lug.-Bat.

Commelin (1689) Lilio-Narcissus

Paul Hermann (1689) Paradisi Batavi Prodromus

Joseph Pitton de Tournefort (1689) Schola Botanica

Sir Hans Sloane, Catalogus (1696) West Indies Lilies (White & Red)

Leonard Plukenet (1696) Almagestum Botanicum (figure of Amaryllis striata)

Francesco Cupani (1696) Hortus Catholicus: Lilio-narcissus

Paul Hermann (1698) Elegantly Scarlet Bella Donna

Joseph Pitton de Tournefort (1700-1703) Institutiones rei herbariae

Maria Sibylla Merian (1705) Lilium rubrum

Louis Liger d'Auxerre (1706) Narcissus of Japan

Sir Hans Sloane, Voyage (1707) West Indies Lilies, White & Red

Jacob Barrelier [1606-1673] 1714 Lilio-Narcissus Iacobaeus, phoeniceus, Indicus, polyanthos

Philip Miller (1724) Gardeners Dictionary

James Douglas (1725) Lilio Narcissus Indicus Rubeus

Richard Bradley (1728) Lilionarcissus

John Simson (1729) Amarilla

Philip Miller (1731) Gardeners Dictionary

Flower Garden Display'd (1732) Bella Donna Lilly

Albertus Seba (1734) Locupletissimi ... Thesauri (figure)

Linnaeus (1738) Hortus Cliffortianus

Philip Miller (1741) The Gardeners Dictionary (abridgement)

Johannes Burman (1741) Hermann's Belladonna in Rumpf's Herbarium Amboinense

George Ehret (ca. 1744) Amaryllis spatha multiflora... Linn. h. cliff.

George Ehret (1744) Lilio-Narcissus Americanus Belladona dictus par. bat.

Peter Collinson (1746) Letter to Jakob Trew

The Compleat Florist (1747) Damascus Lilly

Rev. Griffith Hughes (1750) White Lily, Red Lily, Wild Lily.

John Hill (1751) Jamaica Amaryllis General Natural History vol.2

Philip Miller (1752) Gardeners Dictionary

Linnaeus (1753) Species Plantarum 1st ed. Amaryllis

Heister (1753) Brunsvigia, Ferrari, and Merian

Philip Miller (1754) Gardeners Dictionary (abridgement)

John Hill (1757) Eden:...Amaryllis Spatha multiflora etc.

John Hill (1758) Outlines...Amaryllis Spatha multiflora etc.

Philip Miller ([1755]-1760) Figures of Beautiful Plants...Amaryllis

Linnaeus (1759) Systema Naturae Amaryllis

Philip Miller (1759) Gardeners Dictionary Amaryllis

Seligmann Hort. Nitidissimis Amaryllis

Linnaeus (1762, 1764) Species Plantarum 2nd & 3rd Amaryllis

Petiver (1764) Gazophylacium Lilio Asphodelus Cap. fl. roseo

Linnaeus (1767) Systema Naturae ed. 12 Crinum, Amaryllis

Linnaeus (1767, 1771) Mantissa Plantarum Amaryllis Belladonna

Philip Miller (1768) Gardeners Dictionary Amaryllis

John Hill (1768) Hortus Kewensis Amaryllis Belladonna

Oxford Magazine (1771) Lilly of Damascus

Phillip Miller (1771) Figures of Beautiful Plants

John Hill (1774) Amaryllis Vegetable System vol. 26

Jacob Alm (1775) Plantae Surinamensis

Fusée Aublet (1775) Histoire des Plantes de la Guiane Françoise Amaryllis Belladonna

Mawe & Abercrombie (1778) Amaryllis

Bauer Bros. Amaryllis Belladonna L (c. 1778)

Johann Müller's Illustration of the Sexual System (1779)

Buc'hoz: Belledame, du jardin de Trianon (1779)

Lamarck (1783) Amaryllis punicea, rosea, striata, africana (=aurea)

Linnaeus fils (1781-83) Liliacea (in part)

Sessé & Mociño (1787) Amaryllis

L'Héritier (1788) Sertum Anglicum Amaryllis

Patrick Browne (1789) History of Jamaica Amaryllis Belladonna

William Aiton (1789) Amaryllis Hortus Kewensis

Joseph Vellozo (1790) Florae Fluminensis Amaryllis Bella-dona

Johannes Gessner (1795-1804) Tabulae phytographicae Amaryllis & Crinum

Curtis (1795) Botanical Magazine Amaryllis equestris L.f.

Tournefort, et al.: Lis-Narcisse - Lilio-Narcissus (1797)

Curtis (1799) Botanical Magazine Amaryllis reginae L.f.

Ruiz & Pavón (1802) Amaryllis miniata (compared to Amaryllis belladonna Linn.)

Curtis (1804) Botanical Magazine Amaryllis belladonna (non L)

Pierre Redoute Amaryllis equestris

Pierre Redoute Amaryllis brasiliensis

Pierre Redoute Amaryllis belladonna (non L.)

Pierre Redoute Amaryllis reginae
Apparently not Herbert's A. regium

Henry Andrews (1804) Amaryllis brasiliensis

Tussac (1818) Amaryllis equestris

Loddiges (1818) Amaryllis spectabilis

Mrs. Bury's Amaryllis equestre 1831

Mrs. Bury's Amaryllis reginae 1831

Mrs. Bury's Amaryllis miniata 1831

Denisse (1843-1846) Le Trompette