Amaryllis (1783)
Chevalier Lamarck

6) Amaryllis with pink flowers, Amaryllis rosea Lilio-narcissus indicus colore purpurascens. Moris. Hist. Ox. part 2. p. 367. (plate) Tournef. 385. Barel. ic. 1040. Mill. Dict. ic. t. 24. Commonly called the Belladonna of the Italians.

'Tis a charming species in which the stem, which is a nude shaft, arises up to two and a half feet, and bears at its top a magnificent umbel composed of 5 to 8 large campanulate blossoms, regular, a bit elongate, and of a light purple [this means something a bit different — and redder — to the French] mixed with white, or a very pleasant pink.

When this plant blooms, it is then quite leafless; but, some time later, the leaves arise and keep pretty nearly up to the time when the stem which is to bear the new blossoms begins to grow; then the leaves wither and separate from the bulb which nourishes them. These leaves look a little like those of the Narcissus.

This beautiful plant grows naturally in southern America [as reported by Miller], in the Antilles, and in Cayenne. (I have seen a living plant). They don't bloom until September and sometimes indeed until October. They are grown in gardens for the beauty of their blossoms, which make there a very agreeable effect. They are especially common in Italy, where nearly every garden has them, deriving from them the most beautiful ornamentation in season.

NOTE: We think this species could be assigned to the Amaryllis regina of Mr. Linne, and therefore this author refers the Reader to plate 24 of Miller's dictionary, which gives a very good figure of our plant; but Mr. Linne cites at the same time a synonym of Hermann which does not seem to fit it at all; and he further gives the name "Belladonna" to the following species, though it is not the true Belladonna of the Italians.


7) Scarlet Amaryllis, Amaryllis punicea. Lilium americanum, puniceo flore, Belladonna dictum. Herm. Par. 194. t. 194. Lilium rubrum, Merian. Surin. 22. Tab. 22. Amaryllis Mill. Dict. Tab. 23.

This species doesn't grow quite as tall as the preceding, blooms much earlier, and produces a less full flower cluster, but [one] which is a sparkling red. Its stem is slender, cylindrical, twelve to fifteen inches in height, and bearing at its tip up to four widely campanulate blossoms, not quite as long as those of the species above, colored a beautiful scarlet red, and having at their base a pale or yellowish white color to a greater or lesser degree. This plant is found in Surinam, Cayenne, and in the Antilles. (I have seen a dried specimen.) It is quite beautiful, and would without a doubt be more common were it less delicate.


8) Undulated Amaryllis, amaryllis undulata. Lin.


9) Grenesienne Amaryllis, amaryllis sarniensis. Lin.


10) Long-leaved Amaryllis, amaryllis longifolia,


16) Round leaved Amaryllis, amaryllis rotundifolia. Amaryllis spatha multiflora; foliis orbiculatis, nervosis, petiolatis. Cepa sylvestris. Rumph. Amb. 6, p. 160, Tab. 70, f. 1.


17) African Amaryllis, amaryllis africana, Lilio-narcissus Africanus, polyanthos, flore flavo, Hort. Reg. La Belladonne jaune d'Afrique.


18) Striped Amaryllis, Amaryllis striata, Lilio-narcissus, aureus, striis argenteis pictus, floribus amplis cernuis gemellis, &c Pluk. Alm. 220, Tab 246 f. 2. Tournef. 386.

Its bulb grows some leaves [which are] narrow, pointed, channeled, and nearly erect [or straight]. Its stem is a hollow shaft which o'ertops the leaves, is tipped with a bivalvate spathe, and bears two beautiful yellow flowers, pedunculate and nodding both on the same side. These blossoms are large, tubular, quite wide-spreading [tending towards the flat-faced] at the "entry" of the corolla, & notable by way of the silvery longitudinal stripes, set on a ground of the color gold.


19) Amaryllis distique, amaryllis disticha, Amaryllis spatha multiflora, corollis aequalibus campanulatis, foliis distichis, incumbenti-patentibus. Lin. f. Suppl. 195.