Natural History of Barbados (1750) pp. 228-229
Rev. Griffith Hughes, A. M.
The WHITE LILY; Lat. Pancratium Americanum.
The main Root of the white, as well as all other Lilies, are bulbous and round like an Onion, fastened to the Earth by several small white fibrous Strings or lesser Roots, the former being squamose, or compos'd of several Coats one over another. The Leaves are many and sharp-pointed, being about ten Inches long, and hear three in breadth. From the middle of these rises a green flattish hollow Stalk, this near the Top is surrounded like the Ribs of an Umbrella, with six four-inch-long Stalks, the Flowers consisting of a double Border of five Snow-white Petals four Inches long, and about a quarter of an Inch broad, bending downwards in a very beautiful Manner; above these, from the Centre of the same Parent-stalk, rise six small Spikes in a circular Manner; these near their Tops are green, each, as well as one other Stamen, which rises from the middle; these are tipp'd with falcated brownish Apices. The Bottom of Spikes or Ribs are white, join'd together within half an Inch to the Footstalk with a very fine white Membrane, forming an agreeable pyramidical Flower, out of whose Discus rises the above-mentioned Stamen. The bulbous Root of htis, as well as the different other Species of Lilies, here are made use of by way of Decoction, and look'd upon as a good diuretic Drench for Horses.
AS the pale red, and the red and white Lily, differ from this only in Colour, I shall include them under the same Description. Their Roots are of the same Make and Texture as the white Lily already describ'd. The Stalk of the red Sort, &c. is about eighteen Inches long. The Flower is compos'd of six Leaves, somewhat sharp-pointed at their Extremities, as well as near the Stalk; their Outsides are almost intirely red, as well as the Inside, except near the Socket. Their Colour alters from a flaming Red to a greenish White; out of the Discus rise six purplish Stamina tipp'd with yellow Apices.
THIS hath a bulbous scaly Root. The Leaves, which are thick, green and smooth, are of about ten Inches long and sharp-pointed, set on round the Stalk squamatim; from the middle of these the Stalk extends higher than the Leaves, ending in a ruffet Spike full of small Seeds.
THIS hath a bulbous scaly Root, from which rises a green upright hollow Stalk of about fifteen Inches high, supporting, upon separate Pedicles, several large beautiful Flowers, compos'd of six Petals; each Petal about three Inches long, somewhat sharp-pointed at both Ends. The middle Part of every Flower-leaf is of a fine deep Red and White; on each Side these surround six white Stamina tipp'd with Apices. They are in Bloom every Evening about five a Clock, and likewise in the Morning till about Eight.