Gardeners' Chronicle - October 2, 1880
HIPPEASTRUM (ASCHAMIA) ANDREANUM,
Baker, n. sp.*

This is a fine new species of Hippeastrum of the Aschamia group, which inhabits the Central Cordilleras of New Grenada at an elevation of from 2000 to 2500 metres above sea level. It was discovered by M. André in his travels in 1876 on the borders of one of the affluents of the Rio Cauca, and has recently been introduced by him alive into Europe. Of familiar species its alliance is with Leopoldii, miniatum and reginae. It comes nearest the latter, but differs entirely in the colour of its flowers, which are pale red with faint streaks of brighter red, and in the shape of its perianth-segments, which are much narrower than in reginae, and narrowed gradually from above the middle to the base.

Bulb ovoid, 4-4 1/2 inches in diameter, copiously proliferous, with brownish-grey tunics. Leaves lorate, produced at a different time to the flowers, which in the present specimens were produced in August. Peduncle 10-15 inches long, brownish-violet, slightly two-edged. Umbel 4-6 flowered; spathe-valves two, rose-red, lanceolate, or ovate-lanceolate, 1-2 inches long; pedicels 1-1 1/2 inch long, each subtended by a long filiform membranous bract. Ovary oblong-trigonous, 1/4-1/3 inch long. Perianth 3-4 inches long, regularly funnel-shaped, tube very short, not coronulate at the throat; segments oblanceolate, oblong acute, 1/2-3/4 inch broad three-quarters of the way up, narrowed gradually from above the middle to the base, pale red, with streaks of brighter red, the keel faint and inconspicuous as regards colouring. Stamens 1-1 1/2 inch shorter than the perianth segments. Style a little shorter than the perianth segments; stigma capitate. J. G. Baker.


Gardeners' Chronicle - September 29, 1894

HIPPEASTRUM ANDREANUM. — This plant, now flowering at Eew, is nothing more than typical Amaryllis belladonna. According to Mr. Baker, it was first found by André, in 1876, in New Grenada, on the banks of the Rio Cauca, at an elevation of 8000 feet, and was first described by Mr. Baker in the Gardeners' Chronicle, 1880, ii., p. 424. It was also found by Mr. Fawcett, in 1890, on the Jamaica hills, and he sent the bulbs to Kew which are now in flower (see Jamaica Bulletin, 1890, p. 2). As soon as they arrived at Kew, they were suspected to be the Belladonna Lily, and when they produced their leaves, the suspicion was strengthened. Now that the plants are in flower, there is no doubt about their identity with the Amaryllis. It is singular that this plant should have become naturalised in New Grenada and Jamaica, but no more so than the occurrence, in a wild state, of Hippeastrum equestre in tropical West Africs, India, &c.


CybeRose note: I am informed (Dra. Julie H. A. Dutilh, 25 Feb 2002) that, "H. andreanum is a naturalized form of the African Amaryllis belladonna, and can still be found in the Colombian Andes region. It has also naturalized in Southern Brazil, now."